Four Centuries in Kansas

If you are looking for a book that will introduce Kansas history to younger readers, consider this one. Four Centuries in Kansas by Bliss Isely and W. M. Richards was originally a textbook, but it was written in an animated style that makes it an interesting read. The narrative covers state history from the IndiansContinue reading “Four Centuries in Kansas”


Choline was not considered a vitamin until more recently because it is not typically essential in the diet (most animals can synthesize it for themselves).  In recent years, however, choline deficiencies have appeared in swine, thus leading researchers to conclude that this nutrient is a little more critical than they thought.

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is an important nutrient for animal health because of its role in metabolizing nucleic acids (e.g., DNA) and forming proteins from amino acids.  It also helps the body process fats and carbohydrates, and is used by the liver to make glucose. Cobalamin interacts with folic acid in several interesting ways: Vitamin B12Continue reading “Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)”