What is Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)?

What is Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)?

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a unique and somewhat controversial nutrient.  Linoleic acid is an essential polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid.  It necessary for the proper functioning of the human body but cannot be produced internally.  It must be obtained from the diet. The word conjugated refers to the unique structure of this particular form of linoleic acid.  A conjugated fatty acid has at least one … Continue reading What is Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)?

Breeds of Livestock

Breeds of Livestock

The varied livestock breeds of the world have fascinating histories and characteristics.  Many country living enthusiasts have spent enjoyable hours researching their favorite breeds. One good source of information is the Breeds of Livestock site put together by Oklahoma State University.  This is a handy online encyclopedia-type reference packed with facts about both popular and rare livestock breeds: Cattle. Goats. Horses. Sheep. Swine. Poultry. Exotic … Continue reading Breeds of Livestock

The Two Subspecies of Cattle

The Two Subspecies of Cattle

Did you know that cattle breeds are commonly categorized into two different subspecies? While the two subspecies can breed and produce fertile offspring, they do come from different parts of the world and have very distinctive characteristics. The species names are: Bos taurus taurus. Bos taurus indicus.   Bos taurus taurus Simply put, Bos taurus taurus is the group of cattle without humps. Most of … Continue reading The Two Subspecies of Cattle

Veterinary Guide for Animal Owners

Veterinary Guide for Animal Owners

If you keep animals long enough, you will eventually become acquainted with some basic veterinary first aid.  Here’s a book that can make the learning process a little smoother. Veterinary Guide for Animal Owners by C. E. Spaulding, DVM, and Jackie Clay contains information on all common farm animals: Cattle. Goats. Sheep. Horses. Pigs. Poultry. Rabbits. Dogs. Cats. Each chapter starts with tips on basic … Continue reading Veterinary Guide for Animal Owners

Storey's Guide to Raising Dairy Goats

Storey’s Guide to Raising Dairy Goats

Are you considering getting a dairy goat?  Before you get started, you might want to read this handy guide from Storey Publishing. Storey’s Guide to Raising Dairy Goats by Jerry Belanger and Sara Thomson Bredesen covers all the basics: Breeds. Purchasing goats. Housing. Fencing. Feeding. Grooming. Health. Breeding. Milking. Keeping records. Along the way, you will find helpful diagrams, schedules, recipes, and more.  You will … Continue reading Storey’s Guide to Raising Dairy Goats

Stocking Up

Stocking Up

It’s still not too late to think about putting away some of your produce for the winter! And if you need a little help figuring out just what to do with it, allow us to recommend a classic from the Rodale folks: Stocking Up. The original edition has seen us through many a kitchen adventure. A partial list of its numerous helpful topics includes the … Continue reading Stocking Up

Body Condition Scoring: Goats

Body Condition Scoring: Goats

The body condition scoring system for goats varies widely. Both five-point and nine-point scales are in use, but the five-point scale appears to prevail and will be given here. The techniques are pretty straightforward; just remember that hair can be misleading. A hands-on evaluation is always best. Emaciated. Goat obviously weak. All bones prominent; sternum (breastbone) and backbone sharp to the touch. Noticeable space between … Continue reading Body Condition Scoring: Goats

Body Condition Scoring: Dairy Cattle

Body Condition Scoring: Dairy Cattle

The body condition scoring system for dairy cattle is slightly different than that commonly used for beef cattle. Scores are based on a five-point system, with 1 being emaciated and 5 being fat. To allow for more precise assessment, however, dairy cattle are typically assigned scores in 0.25 increments. Dairy cattle are scored as follows: Emaciated. Overall skin-and-bones appearance. Spinal vertebrae, pelvic bones, and ends … Continue reading Body Condition Scoring: Dairy Cattle