Vitamin D (Calciferol)

One of the best-known roles of vitamin D (calciferol) is its function in calcium and phosphorus absorption.  These two minerals are essential for bone growth, so it naturally follows that vitamin D is key to skeletal health. However, vitamin D is also necessary for proper hormone function.  In this role, it helps regulate immune response,…… Continue reading Vitamin D (Calciferol)

What is Collagen?

Simply put, collagen is the protein that makes connective tissue. It is a fibrous substance made up of four amino acids: Glycine. Arginine. Proline. Hydroxyproline. Collagen not only gives structure to various parts of the body, but it adds a certain degree of elasticity.   Where Collagen is Found in Animals In farm animals, collagen…… Continue reading What is Collagen?

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

There is a long list of functions that vitamin C is known to aid in, and immune health is not the least of these.  Vitamin C is considered the most important water-soluble antioxidant in mammals because of its role in removing free radicals from the body.  However, it can also detoxify drugs, histamines, carcinogens, and…… Continue reading Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)


Choline was not considered a vitamin until more recently because it is not typically essential in the diet (most animals can synthesize it for themselves).  In recent years, however, choline deficiencies have appeared in swine, thus leading researchers to conclude that this nutrient is a little more critical than they thought. The main role of…… Continue reading Choline

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is an important nutrient for animal health because of its role in metabolizing nucleic acids (e.g., DNA) and forming proteins from amino acids.  It also helps the body process fats and carbohydrates, and is used by the liver to make glucose. Cobalamin interacts with folic acid in several interesting ways: Vitamin B12…… Continue reading Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is important to the body because of its role in producing energy.  It helps metabolize carbohydrates and fatty acids, but is especially critical in turning proteins into useful substances.  It has been estimated that over 60 enzyme reactions depend on vitamin B6. Another key role of pyridoxine is boosting the immune system. …… Continue reading Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)

Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) is critical for animal health because it is involved in a vast number of chemical reactions within the body.  Besides turning fats, proteins, and carbohydrates into energy, vitamin B5 interacts with other vitamins to perform necessary functions.  For example, it works with vitamin C to maintain the health of the adrenal…… Continue reading Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)