Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, plays a very important role in the metabolism of animals.  It is necessary for digestion, and helps converts fats, proteins, and carbohydrates into energy. This metabolic role translates into a number of other important functions.  Vitamin B2 is a key part of tissue repair, particularly in the eyes, mouth,…… Continue reading Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Body Condition Scoring: Goats

The body condition scoring system for goats varies widely. Both five-point and nine-point scales are in use, but the five-point scale appears to prevail and will be given here. The techniques are pretty straightforward; just remember that hair can be misleading. A hands-on evaluation is always best. Emaciated. Goat obviously weak. All bones prominent; sternum…… Continue reading Body Condition Scoring: Goats

Vitamin A (Retinol)

Vitamin A, also known as retinol, has an incredible array of functions within the bodies of animals.  One of its best-known purposes is to maintain eye health and night vision.  However, it is also necessary for healthy teeth, skin, coats, hooves, bones, nerves, kidneys, mucus glands, and adrenal glands. This vitamin is key to the…… Continue reading Vitamin A (Retinol)

Body Condition Scoring: Swine

The body condition scoring (BCS) system for swine is very simple and is based on a five-point scale: Emaciated. Ribs, spine, and backbone prominent. Thin. Hips and backbone noticeable to the eye. Ribs can easily be felt with only slight pressure. Normal. Animal’s body is tube-shaped. Hips and backbone can only be felt with firm…… Continue reading Body Condition Scoring: Swine

Body Condition Scoring: Horses

Body condition scoring can be a useful tool for horse owners. It can be used to make sure a horse is ready for the winter, the breeding season, or any other time when it is likely to burn calories rapidly. The scoring system for horses uses a nine-point scale: Poor. Obviously extremely emaciated. Bone structures…… Continue reading Body Condition Scoring: Horses

Reproduction & Animal Health

Are you prepared to be challenged?  Here’s a book on raising grassfed cattle that may do just that. The first half of Reproduction & Animal Health: How to Select, Breed, and Manage a Herd for Health and Performance on Grass by Charles Walters and Gearld Fry discusses how to select cattle for breeding purposes.  Cattle consultant…… Continue reading Reproduction & Animal Health