Tag: Poultry

How to Welcome Your Mail-Order Chicks
The Farm

How to Welcome Your Mail-Order Chicks

How to Welcome Your Mail-Order ChicksSpring brings new chicks!

If you will be receiving baby chicks in the mail this year, it’s best to be prepared. There isn’t a tremendous amount of work required to get ready for chicks, but you certainly don’t want to bring them home only to discover that you forgot something critical. We recommend creating a checklist to refer to in future years. Read More

Pick-a-Chick
The Farm

Pick-a-Chick

Pick-a-ChickLooking for the best breed of chicken to raise this year? How about a heritage breed?

Heritage chicken breeds may not reach the egg or meat production levels of commercial hybrids, but they are often healthier and hardier, not to mention more attractive. For a free-range situation, heritage breeds can’t be beat.

The Livestock Conservancy has a very helpful and accurate chart to assist new poultry keepers in choosing the best breed for their circumstances. This chart displays key characteristics of each breed in an at-a-glance format: Read More

Kansas Ag Connection
The Farm

Kansas Ag Connection

Kansas Ag ConnectionLooking for a good way to keep up with daily agriculture-related headlines? Give Kansas Ag Connection a try!

Subscribers to On the Range, our weekly country living update (read more), may already be familiar with this site as a source for some of our headlines. There’s a reason for that. Kansas Ag Connection is a clutter-free aggregator of news stories and press releases of interest to farmers small and large across the state.

Kansas Ag Connection offers a way to keep up with the latest stories on:

  • USDA news.
  • Updates from the governor and state legislature.
  • Health issues currently affecting Kansans.
  • KU and K-State research on health, nature, and agricultural topics.
  • Press releases from Kansas-based companies.
  • State and regional crop and weather reports.
  • Conferences and workshops coming to Kansas.
  • Ron Wilson’s Kansas Profile column, featuring Kansas entrepreneurs with rural roots.

Links are also provided to more headlines from neighboring states, across the nation, and around the world.

Highly recommended!

An Introduction to Heritage Breeds
The Farm

An Introduction to Heritage Breeds

An Introduction to Heritage BreedsThinking about starting a farm with heritage breeds? If you are new to this topic, you may enjoy An Introduction to Heritage Breeds: Saving and Raising Rare-Breed Livestock and Poultry by The Livestock Conservancy.

This excellent beginner’s resource starts with the basics—defining breeds in general and heritage breeds in particular. It discusses the plight and importance of rare breeds, as well as the necessity to maintain genetic diversity within these breeds despite their falling numbers.

After a look at how different farming systems call for vastly different breeds, An Introduction to Heritage Breeds moves on to considerations of importance to new farmers, helping them honestly assess what species of livestock will best fit their needs and circumstances. Factors to weigh include:

  • Handling ease.
  • Noise and odor level.
  • Shelter and space requirements.
  • Zoning restrictions.
  • Daily food and water requirements.
  • Predator control.
  • Products.
  • Processing and transportation.
  • Potential markets.
  • Breed associations and other resources.

Next comes information on getting started with heritage breeds:

  • Choosing a breed.
  • Providing for the basic needs of your livestock.
  • Setting realistic goals for your project.
  • Setting up a system of animal identification and record-keeping.
  • Planning to market your livestock or livestock products.

Maintaining a heritage breed requires close attention to the principles of genetics and selection, particularly when the breed is teetering on the brink of extinction. An Introduction to Heritage Breeds provides an overview of this process in nontechnical terms. It also demonstrates that rare breeds can be maintained and promoted through breeding projects with very different emphases:

  • Performance and exhibition.
  • Production only.
  • Production and breed conservation combined.
  • Rescue of rare breeds or bloodlines.

The book closes with a look at how breed associations can either help or hurt a rare breed.

While An Introduction to Heritage Breeds is not a comprehensive guide to breeds, it does provide numerous breed snapshots, distilling the most essential facts about the distinctive characteristics of many breeds.

If you are serious about working with heritage breeds, you will quickly outgrow this resource. We recommend supplementing it with resources specific to your chosen species, including a guide to care, a guide to breeding and genetics, and a breed encyclopedia. If you can find any works written entirely about your breed, make it a point to add those to your bookshelf, as well.

An Introduction to Heritage Breeds is exactly what the title suggests—an introduction, concise and clear enough for a reader with no prior experience with animals.

 

Helpful Resources

Cattle BreedsCattle Breeds
Our own guide to the history, uses, temperament, health, and pros and cons of cattle breeds, including some heritage breeds.

Horse & Donkey BreedsHorse & Donkey Breeds
Our own guide to the history, uses, temperament, health, and pros and cons of horse and donkey breeds, including some heritage breeds.

Collie
The Farm

Collie

CollieThe Collie shares the same heritage as the rest of the sheepdogs of the British Isles. It traces back to the herding mastiffs of the invading Roman armies under Julius Caesar, perhaps with a touch of Viking spitz added later on.

For centuries, the Collie, or Scotch Collie, more or less resembled the modern Border Collie. These all-purpose farm dogs came in different varieties suited to different purposes. Shaggy-coated Collies, well insulated from the inhospitable climate, were ideally suited to tending the flocks on the hills of Scotland. Smooth Collies also existed, even in those days. However, they were more likely to be found driving sheep and cattle to market.

The split between the Scotch Collie and the Border Collie began as early as the Industrial Revolution. Farmers expanded their sheep flocks considerably to supply mutton and wool to the hungry cities, putting more effort into breeding specialized, highly efficient sheepdogs. At the same time, keeping pedigreed dogs became fashionable among the upper classes. The divide between show and working bloodlines began.

Still, the two collies were essentially the same breed until Queen Victoria visited Scotland around 1860. On her trip, she fell in love with the humble Scotch Collie. The royal patronage created a boom in the breed’s popularity. However, while the working sheepdog was bred for speed, savvy, and responsiveness, the Collie of the aristocracy was bred almost exclusively for looks. Selective breeding proliferated taller, fluffier dogs, while a cross with a Borzoi introduced a long, slender, refined head. A particularly successful dog, Old Cockie, was born in 1867. His good looks and sable coat, relatively uncommon at the time, became the goal of every breeder. In just a few short years, there was no mistaking the show Collie for the working Border Collie.

The first Collie shown in the United States appeared at the second-ever Westminster Kennel Club show in 1877. The following year, two Collies appeared at Westminster, both from Queen Victoria’s royal kennel. Royal patronage again did its work of popularizing the breed, this time among the American upper classes. On Long Island and all along the Hudson, nearly every prestigious estate could boast of a kennel of fine Collies, as the wealthy imported them for whatever price was asked. Even J.P. Morgan was an early promoter of the breed in the United States.

The importations continued until about 1920, when Americans became great breeders of show Collies in their own right. Many famous kennels were established in the 1920s and 1930s, while the breed became even larger and more refined in American hands. One of the great breeders of this era was Albert Payson Terhune, who not only bred dogs that are still found in pedigrees today, but also made the intelligence and nobility of the Collie famous through his numerous books and stories.

But the Collie still had not reached the very pinnacle of its fame. Lassie first appeared on the silver screen in 1943, launching the Collie to the dizziest heights worldwide. For the next 30 years or so, Lassie regularly appeared in movies, television shows, radio broadcasts, and children’s books. Every child wanted his or her own Lassie. Now the Collie was not just the dog of the rich, but the dog of the American family.

Not surprisingly, the situation was ripe for unprincipled breeders. Puppy mills obligingly stocked pet stores with Collie puppies, giving no consideration to the health or temperament of their animals.

Fortunately, the Collie, while still a favorite, has experienced more moderate popularity in recent years. Currently, the breed ranks 37th in AKC registration statistics. Interestingly, these numbers include the smooth-coated variety of Collie, which breeders report is becoming more common in some areas. Smooth Collies have existed since the earliest history of the breed, but all modern Smooth Collie bloodlines trace back to a tricolored dog named Trefoil, born in 1973.

A new development in the Collie breed is a renewed interest in getting back to the dog’s herding roots. Despite over 150 years of breeding almost exclusively for conformation, breeders and trainers have discovered that the herding instinct still lies dormant in some dogs, particularly in the smooth variety.

 

CollieUses

The gentle Collie is first and foremost the finest of pets and therapy dogs. Not driven by working instincts to the same degree as other herding breeds, this dog loves nothing better than to be the companion and protector of humankind. For this reason, he also makes a worthy assistance dog for the disabled.

Collies bred for work are more suited to small acreages than to big ranches. They make good watchdogs, but they can also herd small flocks of sheep or poultry, making them an excellent choice for hobby farms. They can also make a good showing in competitive herding.

 

Temperament

Does Lassie sound like an exaggerated ideal? Guess again. The Collie is the epitome of a family dog—gentle, loving, and docile. He can be quite content accompanying adults in their daily activities, but he is at his best in the company of children. His sweet demeanor makes him the most trustworthy of canine companions, his active nature makes him an enjoyable playmate, and his protective instincts make him a dependable guardian. In short, once his puppy instinct to herd by nipping is trained out of him, the Collie is the ideal children’s dog. While his loyalty prevents him from attaching himself readily to adult strangers, he will generally take quickly to the younger set on the first meeting. One thing he cannot do, however, is adapt himself to being left home alone for extended periods of time.

The legendary intelligence of the Collie is not a myth, either. Many a Collie, even in these modern days, has proven his ability to detect something amiss in a situation and respond by protecting those he loves. Also, his ability to think like a human and to anticipate his master’s desires without a word spoken is considered uncanny by owners.

The Collie loves nothing better than to please. This, combined with his instinct to keep his living quarters tidy, makes him exceptionally easy to housebreak. More advanced training can be tackled with ease, as well, if due regard is paid to his sensitivity. The Collie will break down under harsh treatment, even if “harsh” is merely a loud tone of voice. A more dominant dog will still back down under a mild verbal reprimand. Also, don’t bore the smart Collie with needless repetition. He thrives on challenges, not drills.

There are differences in temperament between the Rough Collie and the Smooth Collie. The Rough Collie is more dignified and reserved, often preferring to watch rather than to take part in new situations. The Smooth Collie may respond to the novel with more fear at first, but after warming up is more likely to become an active participant.

Smooth Collies are more likely to display herding instinct than Rough Collies, but there are examples of Rough Collies becoming effective herding dogs on small flocks. Training can be a challenge, however, since even a Collie with herding instinct will tend to rely heavily on the handler for direction and encouragement. Starting a Collie on docile, dog-broken sheep is of paramount importance, as he will probably back down if confronted by a stubborn animal. Once used to being in control of the situation, he tends to work close to the flock, using his physical presence to keep the animals together instead of staring them into submission like a Border Collie. For extra emphasis, a Collie may also bark and nip.

Choose a Collie from a reputable breeder—poor-quality puppies are still bred on a regular basis. These dogs tend to be compulsive barkers and are rather high-strung. If frightened, they may bite, which makes them very unreliable around children.

Collie

Health

While Collies do not suffer from a particularly large number of health problems, many of the health problems they are prone to are serious and widely distributed throughout the breed. The most common are:

  • Multi-drug resistance, which can cause life-threatening reactions to some tranquilizers and heartworm medication.
  • Collie nose, which is fading and ulcerating of the nose caused by the autoimmune disease lupus; not to be confused with sunburn due to lack of pigment.
  • Nodular granulomatous episclerokeratitis, an autoimmune disease that causes cells in the eye to proliferate and that can damage the cornea; usually seen in Collies with Collie nose.
  • Collie eye anomaly, a genetic defect that prevents the eye from developing properly.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy.
  • Dermatomyositis, an autoimmune disease that causes skin lesions and sometimes muscle swelling.
  • Gray Collie syndrome, a fatal genetic defect that affects bone marrow, resulting in cyclic drops in blood cell numbers; affected puppies are born light gray (not to be confused with blue merle) with light-colored noses.

Fortunately, some Collie problems are easy to avoid. Sunburn is common in Collies, particularly on their noses. Most dogs will benefit from a canine version of sunscreen when outdoors. Also, do not shave Rough Collies in summer. This leaves them prone to sunburn and insect bites on their bodies. To help them beat the heat, keep them inside with the air conditioner.

Like many large dogs, Collies are prone to bloat. Keep their digestive systems comfortable by feeding them two or three smaller meals a day instead of one large meal. Avoiding activity and excitement within an hour of meals helps, as well.

Finally, do not breed two merle dogs together. The resulting puppies may be born white, blind, and deaf.

 

Pros

  • Suitability for families with children.
  • Trainability.
  • Tidy habits.
  • Minimal grooming needs (Smooth Collie).
  • Cold tolerance (particularly Rough Collie).
  • Agility.
  • Speed.
  • Strength.

 

CollieCons

  • Prevalence of irresponsible breeders.
  • Need for constant human companionship.
  • Heavy shedding (both varieties).
  • Extensive grooming needs (Rough Collie).
  • Poor heat tolerance (Rough Collie).
  • Serious immune problems.

 

Complete Series

Dog BreedsDog Breeds

 

Stockdog Savvy
The Farm

Stockdog Savvy

Stockdog SavvyMany a dog lover has watched a good Border Collie at work and gone home with a passion for herding. But if you haven’t grown up with working stockdogs, training one for the first time can seem daunting.

While no book can replace experience as a way to master the nuances of handling livestock, with or without a dog, Stockdog Savvy by husband-and-wife team Jeanne Joy Hartnagle-Taylor and Ty Taylor offers an excellent introduction.

The book proceeds logically, starting right at the beginning with choosing a breed and continuing with training techniques that build on each other:

  • Preparing a puppy to respond to commands without livestock.
  • Laying a solid foundation of obedience.
  • Starting a dog on stock.
  • Teaching the dog how to make use of his natural talent.
  • Developing a dog that can be useful in basic livestock handling.
  • Training the correct approach to the stock.
  • Training the dog how to drive a herd.
  • Training the dog to pen livestock.
  • Training the dog to sort livestock.
  • Teaching boundaries to a tending dog.
  • Learning how to work large flocks and herds.
  • Introducing your dog to the real world of daily ranch work.
  • Getting ready for a herding trial.

Each chapter on training includes suggestions for dealing with specific problems that may arise, from lack of interest to aggression toward livestock.

Along the way, you as a handler will progressively build expertise with new insights on reading both your dog and your livestock. Chapters on basic dog and livestock care are included, as are chapters on different livestock breeds:

To round out the book, an excellent appendix is provided that condenses the key characteristics of many herding breeds, common and uncommon:

  • Nicknames.
  • Origin.
  • Character.
  • Working style.
  • Summary.

A must for all beginning stockdog trainers!

Murray McMurray Chick Selector
The Farm

Murray McMurray Chick Selector

Murray McMurray Chick SelectorThinking about getting some chicks this spring? It’s not too early to start considering what kind you’d like to keep—you may even be able to reserve some at your hatchery.

For those of you who still haven’t quite decided on the right breeds to keep, this chick selector tool from Murray McMurray Hatchery can be a big help.

Using the chick selector is easy. Just choose important characteristics from the drop-down menus on the left side of the screen. Filter breeds by:

  • Chick type.
  • Egg color.
  • Egg size.
  • Egg production.
  • Meat production.
  • Availability.
  • Heat tolerance.
  • Cold tolerance.
  • Disposition.
  • Approximate weeks to maturity.
  • Free-range suitability.
  • Skin color.
  • Comb type.
  • Likelihood of sitting on eggs.
  • Bird size.
  • Exotic classification.
  • Leg style.
  • Head style.

Once you have narrowed down the list, check off the breeds that you are interested in and click on “Show only selected breeds” to compare your favorites side by side.

Whether your interest is eggs, meat, or just great-looking chickens, you’re covered! Great resource from a great hatchery.

Get Ready for November 2016
The Lifestyle

Get Ready for November 2016

Get Ready for November 2016Hard to believe that November is already just around the corner!  Take some time on those chilly fall evenings to learn from nature and pull inspiration from innovative farmers and gardeners.  And while you’re sitting at the table with family this Thanksgiving, remember to give thanks for the simple things.

  1. Learn lessons from the bison.
  2. Discover that you can farm.
  3. Eat your egg yolks.
  4. Explore the world of horse and donkey breeds.
  5. Witness the life of the tree in the trail.
  6. Pull ideas from the All New Square Foot Gardening method.
  7. Search for the roots of cattle driving.
  8. Try out 10 time-saving tips for the farm.
  9. Weigh in on the ongoing GMO debate.
  10. Give thanks for the simple things.
Get Ready for October 2016
The Lifestyle

Get Ready for October 2016

Get Ready for October 2016October is just around the corner! Are you ready to start a business, explore nature, and live by faith?

  1. Start and run your own small farm business.
  2. Find out how livestock are upgraded.
  3. Explore options for super-small-scale farms.
  4. Identify the wildflowers and grasses of Kansas.
  5. Love God with all your mind.
  6. Save money on seeds.
  7. See the stars.
  8. Understand the importance of the 100th meridian in history.
  9. Ground that wayward chicken.
  10. Discover the key to living by faith.
Get Ready for September 2016
The Lifestyle

Get Ready for September 2016

Get Ready for September 2016Are you ready for fall?  Spend a little time watching the birds, caring for the animals, and stocking the pantry.

  1. Invest in a dog owner’s home veterinary handbook.
  2. Feed your backyard birds.
  3. Discover why people built round barns.
  4. Stock up for the winter.
  5. Learn about pH.
  6. Weigh the pros and cons of draft animals.
  7. Explore the K-State weather data library.
  8. Open up the breeding toolbox.
  9. Find out how to raise chickens.
  10. Do the Lord’s work in the Lord’s way.